Friday, 29 March 2013

T3 - Paintings by Peasants of Huxian

Huxian County is located 40 km southwest of Xian City.  Bordering Qinling Mountain to the south and the Wei River to the north, Huxian County boasts splendid landscapes and a long history.

Originated from the traditional folk arts such as paper cutting, embroidering and so on, Peasant Painting in Huxian County first appeared during the 1950s.  At that time, most paintings were focused on work related activities.

In 1958, professional artists were sent to Huxian and many other county localities to train peasants in making of wall paintings praising the Great Leap Forward.   Around 1963, peasant painters were playing important role in the Socialist Education Movement in Huxian.

Now, peasants portray almost all aspect of their daily life -- feeding livestock, children playing, local operas, village traditions, ducks swimming, elders playing Chinese chess, etc.  By using bright colours and fantastic style, peasant paintings record their everyday life, the beautiful landscape, the great harvests and the busy festivals.    All paintings have a charm, clear and full of the feeling of folk life.

Huxian County was named the County of Painting by the Chinese Ministry of Culture in 1988 and now is also renowned as one of the most famous counties of Peasant Painting in China.

This set of six stamps shows six of the Huxian County peasant paintings.
(6-1) 8 fen Veteran secretary  老书记
(6-2) 8 fen Digging a well  高原打井
(6-3) 8 fen Spring hoeing  春锄
(6-4) 8 fen Scientific farming  科学种田
(6-5) 8 fen Thriving plantation and flourishing  林茂粮丰
(6-6) 8 fen Bumper harvest of cotton and crops  金山银海

(6-1)【Veteran secretary】This stamp depicts a veteran secretary who persists in learning and persists in production labours in the field.  This drawing was one of the paintings in the 1973 Huxian Peasants Paintings Show in Beijing.   It is now kept at the National Art Museum of China.

(6-2)【Digging a well】This stamp depicts the process of digging a well in the highland.  It showed the difficulties of getting water in arid North Western China and also the perseverance of the Chinese people.

(6-3)【Spring hoeing】This stamp depicts a group of female farmers stooping and working in the field in time of Spring.   The green of the field and the arc formed by the farmers shows a bountiful and harmonious lives.

(6-4)【Scientific farming】In the 1970's, the Chinese government had started the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production.  This enables agriculture advancement from primitive methods to modern methods.

(6-5)【Thriving plantation and flourishing】This stamp depicts the golden and bountiful crops in the field at autumn.

(6-6)【Bumper harvest of cotton and crops】This stamp depicts the bountiful harvest after the success of the growing season.  The farmers are rejoicing and jubilant.
T3 – Paintings by Peasants of Huxian 户县农民画
Issue Date: 1974.4.10
Serial Number:
Scott No.:
Michel No.:
Number of stamps in Set:
8 fen for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Quantity of Issue:
15,000,000 for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Stamp 1 -- P11½ X 11
Stamp 2, 5 - P11
Stamp 3, 4, 6 - P11 X 11½
Sheet Composition:
Stamp 1 -- 5010 X 5
Stamp 2 -- 35 (7 X 5
Stamp 3, 4, 6 -- 50(5 X 10
Stamp 5 -- 35 (5 X 7
Size of stamps:
Stamp 1 -- 30 X 40 mm
Stamp 2 -- 27 X 60 mm
Stamp 3, 4, 6 -- 40 X 30 mm
Stamp 5 -- 60 X 27 mm
Original Artists
Stamp 1 - Liu Zhide  刘志德
Stamp 2 - Li Kemin  李克民
Stamp 3 - Li Fenglan  李凤兰
Stamp 4 - Ma Zhenlong  马振龙
Stamp 5 - Zhou Wende  周文德
Stamp 6 - Li Shunxiao  李顺孝
Wu Jiankun 吴建坤
Printing Process:
Printing House:
Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works

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