Sunday, 31 March 2013

T4 - Daqing Red Banner

The Daqing oilfield, which lies in the Southwest of Heilongjian Province, was discovered on September 26, 1959, just before the 10th anniversary celebration of founding of People's Republic of China.   In celebration and commemoration, the oilfield was named "Daqing", which literally means "Great Celebration".

Daqing, the city, was founded in 1959 to house workers extracting oil and gas from Daqing oilfield and also host industries which could take advantage of the energy and petrochemicals extracted. 

At the beginning of building Daqing, the situations were difficult.  The land was wild, barren and a bitterly chill climate challanged the workers.  The workers went all out to build Daqing into a modern oil capital of China despite severe climate and shortages of money and supplies.  Daqing has became a role model of good practice in industry and healthcare, for other industrial cities to follow.

The fact that the great Chinese leader Mao Zedong has issued a directive - "In Industry, learn from Daqing" in 1964 reflects how important a role Daqing has played in industrial development in China.

September 30, 1974, is the 10th anniversary of  "In Industry, learn from Daqing" campaign.  T4 - Daqing Red Banner, is issued to commemorate and showcase the development at Daqing.
The set of five stamps is listed as follows:
(5-1) 8 fen Wang Jinxi, the "Iron Man"  铁人- 王进喜
(5-2) 8 fen Build up Daqing through studying Chairman Mao's "On Practice" and "On Contradiction"  两论” 起家
(5-3) 8 fen Building the enterprise with painstaking effort  艰苦创业
(5-4) 8 fen Scientific Management  科学管理
(5-5) 8 fen A new-type mining area  新型矿区

(5-1)【Wang Jinxi,the "Iron Man"】Wang Jinxi (王进喜, 1923-1970) was born in a poor peasant family in Yumen County, Gansu Province.  He started working in the Yumen Oilfield when he was 15 years old.  In 1956, he was admitted to the Chinese Communist Party.  When oil was discovered at Daqing Oilfield, Wang led his famous No. 1205 Drilling Team from Yumen Oilfield to Daqing Oilfield.  Undeterred by the low temperatures between -20 and -30 degC, they started drilling immediately.  After five days of drilling, they struck oil, and Daqing's first oil production well started operation.  Despite fatigue, injuries and difficulties, Wang kept going throughout.  For this he earned the title "Iron Man", and the name "Iron Man"  Wang became famous.   In 1960, the nation was called upon to learn from the Iron Man, and in 1967, he was made a national labour model.

(5-2)【Build up Daqing through studying Chairman Mao's "On Practice" and "On Contradiction"】"On Practice" 《实践论》was written by Mao Zedong in July 1937, on the relation between knowledge and practice, between Knowing and doing.  The essay was written in order to expose the subjectivist errors of dogmatism and empiricism in the Communist Party, and especially the error of dogmatism, from the standpoint of the Marxist theory of knowledge.  It's stress was on exposing the dogmatist kind of subjectivism, which belittles practice.   "On Contradiction" 《矛盾论》was written by Mao Zedong in August 1937.  This essay was written after the essay "On Practice" and with the same object of overcoming the serious error of dogmatist thinking to be found in the Communist Party at the time.   Both essays are delivered as lectures at the Anti-Japanese Military and Political College in Yenan.  The stamp design depicts Daqing's workers learning "On Practice" and "On Contradiction",

(5-3)【Building the enterprise with painstaking effort】Daqing was used as an example to entice young people to move to hardship areas to assist in the development of China.  The stamp depicts Daqing workers' perseverance and strength of spirit in working under extreme cold conditions. 

(5-4)【Scientific Management】Scientific Management is a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized workflows.  Its main objective is improving economic efficiency, especially labour productivity.  The stamp depicts Daqing's management workers at work.

(5-5)【A new-type mining area】The stamp shows a aerial view of Daqing, showing the great development of the area.

 T4 – Daqing Red Banner 大庆红旗
 Issue Date: 1974.9.30 
Serial Number: T4
Scott No.: 1194-1198
Michel No.: 1202-1206
Number of stamps in Set: 5
Denomination: 8 fen for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Quantity of Issue: 10,000,000 for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Perforation: P11
Sheet Composition: 355 X 7
Size of stamps: 60 X 27 mm
Stamp 1 - 3: Ren Yu 任宇
Stamp 4 - 5: Pan Keming 潘可明
Printing Process: Photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works

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