Sunday, 16 June 2013

T18 -- Workers, Peasants and Soldiers go to College

During the cultural revolution era, the college and university enrolment was stopped for five years, from 1966 to 1971.  In 1972, college and university resumed enrolment, but the entrance examination was cancelled, and nomination system was used.  Freshmen to college and university were nominated from factories, villages and military, and these were known as "worker-peasant-soldier students".  Study terms were three years, after which they returned and contributed the learned knowledge to where they came from.  This system ran until 1978 when the entrance examination was resumed.

A set of five stamps was released on September 6, 1976, reflecting the program of workers, peasants and soldiers going to college.

(5-1) 8 fen, Going to college with pride and enthusiasm  满怀豪情上大学
(5-2) 8 fen, The theory of revolution charts the course  革命理论指航向
(5-3) 8 fen, Big classroom  大课堂
(5-4) 8 fen, Scale the heights of Science  攀登科学高峰
(5-5) 8 fen, Be workers with both socialist consciousness and culture 

(5-1)【Going to college with pride and enthusiasm】The 1976 movie "Breaking with Old Ideas" 《决裂》tells the story of the communist idealogy clashes that happened in the Jiangxi Communist Labor College in the late 1950s where its teachers and students witness a violent rupture between two different school policies and educational methods.  This movie showed similarity with the theme of the first stamp.  The first stamp showed Worker, Peasant and Soldier going to college, with background of red flowers, red flags and big crowd showing a vibrant celebratory scene.
(5-2)【The theory of revolution charts the course】The stamp showed worker-peasant-soldier students studying the works of Marx, Lenin and Mao  Zedong in classroom.

(5-3)【Big classroom】The stamp showed worker-peasant-soldier students attending an open air class given by a master worker on a construction site.
(5-4)【Scale the heights of Science】The stamp showed worker-peasant-soldier students using a Chinese-made computer, with the computer main frame at the background.
(5-5)【Be workers with both socialist consciousness and culture】The stamp showed worker-peasant-soldier students return to the countryside and villages after graduation.
T18 – Workers, Peasants and Soldiers go to College  工农兵上大学
Issue Date: 1976.9.6
Serial Number:T18
Scott No.:1281-1285
Michel No.:1291-1295
Number of stamps in Set:5
Denomination:8 fen for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Quantity of Issue:8,000,000 for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Sheet Composition:40 (4 X 10) for stamp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Size of stamps:52 X 31 mm
Designer:Zou Jianjun  邹建军
Printing Process:Photogravure
Printing House:Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works

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